German nobleman and writer of hymns / 1700-60 / son of an imperial count, grew up with his Pietistic grandmother in Upper Lusatia / 1710-15 school in Halle, 1716-19 studied law in Wittenberg / 1719-20 traveled to the Netherlands and France / 1721-32 privy councilor in Dresden / 1722-24 purchase and restructuring of his grandmother’s estate / 1725-27 construction of Herrnhut Castle, 1730-46 Vogt estate / from 1722 Refugees of faith from Moravia taken in, Bohemian Brethren following Hus, 1727 founded Unitas Fratrum or Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine / 1734 Lutheran ordination in Tübingen, 1736-47 expelled from Saxony by Orthodox Lutherans, 1737 Reformed ordination in Berlin and Bishop of the Brethren / traveled around the Baltic and to America / wrote around 2000 hymns