Modern term for a course taken in processes, corresponding with the traditional term inductive /  Reformed way of thinking in processes is inductive or bottom-up, while the Catholic way of thinking is deductive or top-down / Reformed Reformation was participative, as attested by the disputation, while the Lutheran Reformation was hierarchic, as demonstrated by the absolutist authority of the princes and territorial confessional status / problems arise when the focus is only on the bottom and not bottom-up, leading to the loss of all ecclesiological meaning above the congregational level / as rooted in the Bible: the autonomy of individuals without solidarity with the community is a sort of theft and cannot be justified ethically

Photo: flickr/Martin Abegglen