U.S. politician and human rights activist / born in 1932 / 1947-51 studied medicine in New Orleans and Washington, 1951-55 theology in Hartford, Connecticut / 1955-57 pastor in Marion, Alabama / 1957-60 National Council of Churches in New York / from 1960 in Atlanta, Georgia / 1972-76 first African-American from Georgia in the House of Representatives since Reconstruction / 1976-79 U.S. ambassador to the United Nations / 1981-90 mayor of Atlanta / friend and colleague of Martin Luther King, acted as his strategist in the civil rights campaigns: 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama, 1964 in St. Augustine, Florida, 1965 in Selma, Alabama, 1966 in Atlanta / 1964-65 arrested twice / 1968 present at King’s assassination in Memphis / 2003 foundation to support and promote education, health, leadership and human rights in the United States, Africa and the Caribbean