Swiss painter / 1831-1910 / 1849 schooling in Bern / 1851-1854 studied theology in Bern and Halle / became a painter / 1854-1860 studied art in Paris / 1860-1890 lived in Ins in the summer and Paris in the winter / 1870-1874 member of the Grand Council of Bern, support for the building of the Bern Museum of Art / 1900 honorary doctorate at the University of Bern / some 600 oil paintings, of which 250 depictions of children following the ideas on education of Rousseau and Pestalozzi / support for obligatory primary school in the Swiss Constitution, which was successful in 1874