English theologian and reformer / 1489-1556 / studied in Cambridge, 1523 doctorate and professorship / 1532 favored by Henry VIII due to his recognition of the king’s divorce and new marriage / 1533-1556 Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury / 1534 excommunicated by Rome / 1547 compo­si­tion of the Book of Common Prayer, which remains in use by the Anglican Church to this day / 1553 Mary I took the throne, robust Counterreformation, Cranmer arrested, dismissed from his service, held in Tower of Lon­don / convicted together with Jane Grey, burnt at the stake / one of three executed bishops, honored at Oxford‘s Martyr’s Memo­rial / sympathized with Reformed views